Looking for the cause
As stated in reduced fertility
, the total fertility of a couple is the sum of the fertility of the man and the woman together. But obviously the woman plays the most important role in the reproduction process (see statistics of fertility problems
Fertility investigations in women aim to identify exactly what the root of the cause is. For an overview of all possible examinations, click here
Even though abnormalities of the uterus (fibroma's, myoma's, polyps or septums do not have a negative influence on the fertilization of an egg, they do hinder or prevent the implantation process of the embryo and can cause miscarriage.
Possible causing factors
Defects in the normal fertility status of a woman can be caused by the following:
- ripening and ovulation problems (hormonal imbalance);
- problems with transportation of egg cell, for example due to endometriosis or infections;
- Disturbances in the biochemical interaction of the sperm due to the presence of antibodies, endometriosis, too high level of acidity in vagina...;
- difficulties affecting the embryos' ability to implant properly, due to uterine abnormalities.
See also medical image forming procedures and indications.
Preliminary blood investigations [blood sample | Outpatient Clinic]
A series of preliminary blood investigations take place before the commencement of any fertility treatment, also in men. This enables the following:
- determination of a detailed hormonal balance picture;
- determination of chromosomal structure and number;
- detection of antibodies for hepatitis, HIV, and sperm. Women are also screened for Rubella and Toxoplasmosis, both of which can cause serious damage to the foetus during early pregnancy.
For specific investigations, see under hormonal, genetic or immunological analysis.