Every IVF treatment begins with the stimulation phase - possibly following a period of suppression of the natural menstrual cycle - to stimulate the ovaries to produce a crop of ripe follicles. The stimulation ends with an injection of hCG hormone to induce ovulation.
In the period before the hCG injection, a number of ultrasound scans will be performed. This is to check for the formation of cysts in the ovaries. These cysts are functional and are produced through the natural function of the ovaries. Therefore there is no cause for concern if cysts are detected.
Only if the cysts produce hormones which could interfere with your treatment, will they have to be removed. This is decided by the Patient Monitoring department (DM).
Cysts are removed by puncturing them. It is very similar to egg retrieval: under ultrasound control, a fine needle is inserted through the vaginal wall to the ovaries, and into the cysts which are punctured one by one and the contents aspirated.Practical
- The DM arranges the appointment for the procedure.
- You do not need to register at the Admission's desk, just go straight to the operating theatre in the CRG at the agreed time.
- Child hospital UZ Brussel, Entrance F, route 976.
- You may eat a light meal in the morning.
- It is a very quick and only mildly uncomfortable procedure. Depending on the number of cysts and the position, a local anaesthetic will sometimes be administered. Often the procedure can be performed without anaesthetic.
- Two hours after removing the cysts you can go home again.